Bleeding hemorrhoids are said to be the most terrible form of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are, however, not the only cause of rectal bleeding. Anyone who has symptoms of rectal bleeding should consult a doctor at the earliest. Depending upon the results of the investigation, the doctor will pronounce whether the hemorrhoid is internal or external. Normally, external hemorrhoids do not lead to bleeding. Symptoms of bleeding hemorrhoids may include irritation, itching, fissures, abscesses, fistulae or other anorectic problems. Remember, bleeding hemorrhoids are likely to be internal.
What is Bleeding Hemorrhoids?
Bleeding hemorrhoids may occur inside or outside the anus caused by increased pressure on venous plexus in the rectal region. While some types of hemorrhoids may be cured through minimally invasive treatment, bleeding hemorrhoids is a chronic condition that requires serious attention. The main signal of bleeding hemorrhoids is the discharge of blood internally or externally. Individuals suffering from this condition usually experience release of blood during bowel movement, find blood in the toilet bowl and on the toilet paper.
It is important to get the problem evaluated by a doctor as soon as it occurs. Bleeding hemorrhoids is likely to get worse in case of constipation or diarrhea. This is because sitting for long hours on the toilet seat and straining during bowel movement increase pressure on the veins causing increased bleeding. Bleeding hemorrhoids is a very uncomfortable condition and may also cause pain and itching in the anus.
To treat bleeding hemorrhoids, drugs aimed at reducing inflammation are generally prescribed. To avoid discomfort, home remedies can also be tried. Positive lifestyle changes can also bring some relief.
Medical Treatment for Bleeding Hemorrhoids
The treatment of bleeding hemorrhoids must be followed only after a firm diagnosis. Bleeding hemorrhoids generally do not lead to anemia; however, it may be a sign of colon or rectal cancer in some cases. It can be treated using over-the-counter medications like hydrocortisone creams. This may be helpful is preventing the condition from worsening and alleviating itching and swelling in external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids
can be treated using suppositories.
It is advisable to not consume aspirin and other anti-inflammatory medications. This is because such medication tends to increase bleeding from the hemorrhoids. There are a number of treatments available that are aimed at treating bleeding hemorrhoids. Some of these are as follows:
- Injection sclerotherapy, which involves injecting a chemical solution around the blood vessel that leads to the shrinking of the hemorrhoid
- Laser coagulation
- Infrared photocoagulation, which is a special device used to burn hemorrhoidal tissue
Bleeding hemorrhoid is often treated through surgery. Rubber band ligation and laser surgery are some common methods of treating bleeding hemorrhoids. The procedure followed during rubber band ligation involves placing a rubber band around the base of the hemorrhoids. It is placed inside the rectum. This results in loss of blood supply to the infected area, causing the hemorrhoid to wither and fall off in a few days. The purpose of laser surgery is also to stop blood supply to the hemorrhoid, causing it to shrivel. Laser surgery is relatively less painful, but more expensive. In case of extensive internal or external hemorrhoids
, hemorrhoidectomy is the ultimate solution.
Alternative therapies, such as homoeopathy and herbal treatment, can also be used to treat bleeding hemorrhoids, apart from allopathic treatment. Change in diet and bathroom habits also provide relief from bleeding hemorrhoids. Intake of fibrous diet helps in softening the stool, preventing strain during bowel movement, relieving constipation and ultimately helping with bleeding hemorrhoids.